How to write a resolution

Firstly – what is a resolution? A resolution is a suggestion of how a particular issue should be dealt with and also the outcome of all debates. All debates should lead to producing a resolution and at least one is expected from every committee. It is usually written during an unmoderated caucus, although it might be designed previously and then tweaked to the needs of your alliance.


Any delegate can write a resolution. The country proposing it is called the submitter (or the main submitter) and the countries signing it (those agreeing with it) are the co-submitters. You must find at least three co-submitters in order to pass your resolution to the chair.

Every resolution consists of two parts:

  1. The Preamble

This is an outline of the problem you are dealing with. It might include details of the current situation, your countries’ viewpoint on the issue, or reference to previous resolutions or UN activities.

  1. The Operative Clauses

A list of measures which your countries believe to be an appropriate solution to the problem.

How to write one yourself? Firstly, research the topic fully – read about it in Wikipedia, the CIA country factbook, BBC news and similar sites. Once you know your country’s stance on the problem, consider what likely solutions your country would propose to it. In framing your resolution think carefully about what will win support from other delegations.

A resolution, as you can see on the example, has three main parts: the heading, the preambulatory clauses and the operative clauses.

The Heading contains four pieces of information: the committee name, the submitters, the co-submitters, and the topic. For example:

Forum: World Health Organisation
Question of: Widespread diseases in sub-Saharan Africa
Submitter: Kingdom of Spain
Co-submitters: United States of America, State of Japan, Arabic Republic of Egypt

The Preamble should begin with the name of your council/organisation. Every clause should begin with an italicised phrase reflecting the position of your countries and end with a comma. Example phrases are shown in the grid below. Leave a line between each phrase. Example:

The World Health Organisation,

Alarmed by the 17% increase in HIV/AIDS contraction among sub-Saharan African countries    in the past five years,

The operative clauses should be numbered and started with an underlined phrase for use in operative clauses (shown in grid). They should end with a semi-colon and a line should be left between each of them. Example:

  1. Calls upon the developed countries and major pharmaceutical countries to provide low-      cost, generic medicines for HIV/AIDS to sub-Saharan African countries;

Words and phrases used to begin clauses in the Preamble:

Affirming Desiring Having heard Seeking
Alarmed by Emphasizing Having received Taking into account
Approving Expecting Having studied Taking into consideration
Aware of Expressing its appreciation Keeping in mind Taking note
Believing Expressing its satisfaction Noting with regret Viewing with appreciation
Bearing in mind Fully aware Noting with satisfaction Welcoming
Confident Fully alarmed Noting with deep concern
Contemplating Fully believing Noting further
Convinced Fully deploring Noting with approval
Declaring Further recalling Observing
Deeply concerned Guided by Realizing
Deeply conscious Having adopted Reaffirming
Deeply convincing Having considered Recalling
Deeply disturbed Having devoted attention Recognizing
Deeply regretting Having examined Referring


Word and phrases used to begin Operative Clauses:


Accepts Declares accordingly Further proclaims Reminds
Affirms Deplores Further reminds Regrets
Approves Designates Further recommends Requests
Authorizes Emphasizes Further resolves Solemnly affirms
Calls Encourages Further requests Strongly condemns
Calls upon Endorses Have resolved Supports
Condemns Expresses its appreciation Notes Trusts
Congratulates Proclaims Takes note of
Confirms Expresses its hope Reaffirms Transmits
Considers Further invites Recommends Urges


In case of doubt, feel free to e-mail or message any member of the Secretariat!